PENGARUH PDRB SEKTOR INDUSTRI, TRANSPORTASI, DAN PERTANIAN TERHADAP EMISI CO2 DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

Authors

  • Syafina Hela Universitas Brawijaya
  • Marlina Ekawaty Universitas Brawijaya

Keywords:

Industrial Sector GRDP, Transportation Sector GRDP, Agricultural Sector GRDP, Carbon Dioxide, Multiple Linear Regression

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of GRDP in the industrial, transportation, and agricultural sectors on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Central Java Province. This study is important because there has been a change in the structure of the economy from agriculture to industry and services in Central Java, which has sparked fears of an increase in CO2 emissions that damage the quality of the environment. The objectives of this study were achieved by using time series data from 2001-2020 and analyzed by multiple linear regression. The results of this study indicate that the GRDP of the industrial sector has a positive and significant effect on CO2 emissions, the GRDP of the transportation sector has a negative and significant effect, while the GRDP of the agricultural sector has no effect.

References

American Public Transportation Association. (2009). The Benefits of Public Transportation.

Andarini, A., Idris, H., & Ariusni. (2016). Pengaruh Kegiatan Sektor Industri, Pertambangan dan Transportasi terhadap Kualitas Lingkungan Ditinjau dari Emisi Co2 di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 5(2), 125–136.

Bappenas. (2020). Pedoman Teknis Penyusunan Rencana Aksi Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (TPB)/ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Bhander, G., & Jozewicz, W. (2017). Analysis of Emission Reduction Strategies for Power Boilers in the US Pulp and Paper Industry. Energy and Emission Control Technologies, Volume 5, 27–37. https://doi.org/10.2147/eect.s139648.

Boundreaux, D. J., & Meiners, R. (2019). Externality: Origins and Classifications. Natural Resources Journal, 59(1).

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah. (2021). Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Provinsi Jawa Tengah menurut Lapangan Usaha 2016-2020. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

Dinas Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Terpadu Satu Pintu Provinsi Jawa Tengah. (2019). Perencanaan Penyediaan Infrastruktur Pendukung.

Farhan, A. (2021). Pengaruh Agrikultura dan Industri pada Emisi Karbon Studi Negara-Negara Asia Tahun 2010-2016. Media Mahardhika, 19(2), 230–237.

Faris, N. A. (2022). Analisis Pengaruh PDRB Sektor Pertanian, Industri, dan Transportasi terhadap Emisi Karbondioksida di Provinsi Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FEB Universitas Brawijaya, 10(2).

Florides, G. A., & Christodoulides, P. (2009). Global Warming and Carbon Dioxide through Sciences. Environment International, 35(2), 390–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2008.07.007.

Ghozali, A., Pamungkas, A., & Santoso, E. B. (2015). Faktor Keseimbangan Lingkungan terhadap Emisi Gas CO2 di Wilayah Perkotaan Gresik. Seminar Nasional Teknologi, 978–987.

Gong, B., Zheng, X., Guo, Q., & Ordieres-Meré, J. (2019). Discovering the Patterns of Energy Consumption, GDP, and CO2 Emissions in China using the Cluster Method. Energy, 166, 1149–1167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.143.

Gupito, K. R., & Kodoatie, J. M. (2013). Keterkaitan PDRB Perkapita dari Sektor Industri, Transportasi, Pertanian, dan Kehutanan Terhadap Kualitas Lingkungan Diukur dari Emisi CO₂ di Jawa Tengah. Diponegoro Journal of Economics, 2(1), 1–7. http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/jme.

Harihastuti, N., Widiasa, I. N., Djayanti, S., Harsono, D., & Sari, I. R. J. (2010). Pengurangan Emisi CO2 pada Gas Buang Boiler dengan Teknologi Absorpsi melalui Membran Serat Berpori. Jurnal Riset Industri, 4(1), 57–66.

Harini, R., Yunus, H. S., & Hartono, S. (2012). Agricultural Land Conversion: Determinants and Impact for Food Sufficiency in Sleman Regency. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 44(2), 120–133.

Helda, N. P., Jamal, A., & Dawood, T. C. (2018). Pengaruh Urbanisasi, Pertumbuhan PDB Sektor Industri, dan Pertumbuhan PDB Sektor Transportasi terhadap Polusi Lingkungan di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Publik Indonesia, 5(2), 170–182.

IPCC. (2007). In: Climate Change 2007: the Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Paris.

Jing, Q. L., Liu, H. Z., Yu, W. Q., & He, X. (2022). The Impact of Public Transportation on Carbon Emissions—From the Perspective of Energy Consumption. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106248.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. (2020). Laporan Inventarisasi Gas Rumah Kaca (GRK) dan Monitoring, Pelaporan, Verifikasi (MPV) Tahun 2020.

Labiba, D., & Pradoto, W. (2018). Sebaran Emisi CO2 dan Implikasinya terhadap Penataan Ruang Area Industri di Kabupaten Kendal. Jurnal Pengembangan Kota, 6(2), 164. https://doi.org/10.14710/jpk.6.2.164-173.

LAPAN. (2011). Gas CO2 di Wilayah Indonesia. Berita Dirgantara, 12(2), 68–75. www.inilah.

Li, W., Yang, G., Li, X., Sun, T., & Wang, J. (2019). Cluster Analysis of the Relationship between Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Economic Growth. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225, 459–471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.220.

Lundin, N., & Ng, S. (2009). Feasibility Study on EU-China Low Carbon Technology and Investment Demonstration Zones.

Novara, Nadia. (2015). Pengaruh Pertumbuhan PDB Sektoral terhadap Emisi CO2 di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah. Universitas Syah Kuala.

Nurliah, S. (2020). Analisis Pengukuran Gas Karbon Dioksida (CO2) di Dalam Tanah Menggunakan Sensor MG-811. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

OECD. (2016). OECD Factbook 2015-2016: Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics. OECD Publishing.

Prastiyo, S. E., Irham, Hardyastuti, S., & Jamhari. (2020). How Agriculture, Manufacture, and Urbanization induced Carbon Emission? The Case of Indonesia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 27, 42092–42103. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-10148-w/Published.

Pratama, A. S., Pudjihardjo, M., Manzilati, A., & Pratomo, D. S. (2021). A new decade for social changes Testing the Existence of Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis in ASEAN 5. Technium, 22, 362–375. www.techniumscience.com.

Putri, Z. R. (2015). Analisis Penyebab Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian ke Lahan Non Pertanian Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah 2003-2013. Jurnal Pembangunan Ekonomi Wilayah, 10(1).

Singru, N. (2010). Reducing Carbon Emissions from Transport Projects.

Smith, S. (2011). Environmental Economics. Oxford University Press.

Subkhan, A. (2017). Kajian Emisi Karbon Dioksida (CO2) dari Pemanfaatan Energi Rumah Tangga di Kelurahan Candi Kota Semarang. Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sutoyo. (2011). Masalah dan Peranan CO2 pada Produksi Tanaman. Buana Sains, 11(1), 83–90.

Ummi, I., Rusdarti, & Yanto, H. (2019). Relationship of the GRDP Sectors with Environmental Quality Index in Indonesia 2012-2017. Journal of Economics Education, 8(2), 152–158. http://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/jeec.

Xiong, X. (2022). Critical Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Advances in Social Science, 670, 956–959.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-03

Issue

Section

Articles