ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUTUSAN MASYARAKAT MISKIN SEBAGAI PENGEMIS DAN PEMULUNG DI KOTA MALANG

Authors

  • Adi Fatoni Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Susilo

Keywords:

Beggars, Scavengers, Poverty

Abstract

This study aims to examine the influence of education, income, gender, marital status, origin, and family dependents on the decision of impoverished individuals to engage in begging or waste picking in Malang City. As the second most populous city in East Java, Malang City faces a significant poverty issue, resulting in social problems such as the proliferation of beggars and waste pickers. These individuals fall under the category of Social Welfare Problematic Individuals (PMKS) and coexist with social welfare programs implemented by the Malang City Social Service. A quantitative research approach was employed, utilizing binary logistic regression analysis. The study sample consisted of 72 respondents. The results of the logistic regression analysis revealed that income, gender, and marital status significantly influence the decisions of individuals, while the remaining variables do not show significant influence. The findings of this study shed light on the factors that affect impoverished individuals' choices to engage in begging or waste picking and provide insights for interventions and policy development to address poverty-related issues in Malang City.

References

Arnicun Aziz, H. (2001). Ilmu Sosial Dasar. Cet V Jakarta: PT BumiAksara.

Astuti, M. (2013). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Lama Menganggur Bagi Pekerja Di Industri Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Ogan Komering Ulu. Forum Bisnis Dan Kewirausahaan Jurnal Ilmiah STIE MDP, 2(2), 130–149.

Aulia Azman, H. (2019). Pengaruh Push Dan Pull Factor Terhadap Kunjungan Wisatawan Backpacker Ke Bukittinggi. Jurnal Benefita, 1(1), 182. https://doi.org/¬10.22216/jbe.v1i1.3854

Biddle, L., & Sadler, K. (2019). Understanding Hard Work in the Context of Low Income Families. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 27(3), 275–290.

Buheji, M., da Costa Cunha, K., Beka, G., Mavric, B., De Souza, Y. L., da Costa Silva, S. S., Hanafi, M., & Yein, T. C. (2020). The extent of covid-19 pandemic socio-economic impact on global poverty. a global integrative multidisciplinary review. American Journal of Economics, 10(4), 213–224.

Chen, M. A. (2001). Women and informality: A global picture, the global movement. Sais Review, 21(1), 71–82.

Clark, C., & Drinkwater, S. (2018). What’s in a Name? Expectations, Reputations, and the Role of “Job Title” in Private Labor Markets. Jorunal of Labor Economics, 7(1), 7.

Dan, P., Penanggulangannya, U., Kasus, S., Oktaviana, M., Zukhri, A., & Meitriana, M. A. (2014). Desa Rarang Tengah Kecamatan Terara Kabupaten Lombok Timur .

Edleson, J. L., Renner, L. ., & McColgan, M. (2008). Beyond stereotypes of poor families and poor fathers: Poverty in the context of fathering. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(4), 878–894.

Fahridho, R. (2021). Faktor yang mempengaruhi kehadiran pengemis badut mampang di kota medan. 1, 1–83.

Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., & Anderson, R. (2018). (2018). on Multivariate Data Analysis Joseph F . Hair Jr . William C . Black Eight Edition. In International Journal of Multivariate Data Analysis (Vol. 1, Issue 2).

Husein, S. (2016). PENGEMIS DI SEKITAR MASJID RAYA AL-MATSUM KOTA MEDAN.

Indra Christiawan, P., Gede Astra Wesnawa, I., & Riszi Indah, A. D. (2017). Determinasi Keberadaan Pengemis Perkotaan Di Kecamatan Denpasar Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora |, 1(1), 2303–2898.

Ishtiaque, A., & Ullah, M. S. (2013). The influence of factors of migration on the migration status of rural-urban migrants in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Human Geographies, 7(2), 45–52. https://doi.org/10.5719/¬hgeo.-2013.72.45

Jr, H., W., D., Lemeshow, S., & Sturdivant, R. X. (2013). Applied Logistic Regression (Vol. 397).

Juliardi, B. (2016). Budi Juliardi, Yenita Yatim / Kafa’ah : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Gender Vol.VI No.2 Tahun 2016. 2, 201–214.

Kauntu, R. R., & Suraya, R. S. (2018). Perempuan Pemulung Dalam Mendukung Ekonomi Keluarga Di Pesisie Teluk Kendari. Etnoreflika, 7(3), 212–221.

Kementerian Sosial RI. (2012). Peraturan Menteri Sosial Nomor 08 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pedoman Pendataan dan Penge¬lolaan Data Penyandang Masalah Kesejah¬teraan Sosial dan Potensi dan Sumber Kesejahteraan Sosial. 1–7. http://¬pera-turan.go.id/inc/view/11e6c5bb4146bec08414313431373532.html

Kuncoro, M. (1997). Ekonomi Pembangunan: Teori, Masalah, dan Kebijakan. Akademi Manajemen Perusahaan YKPN.

McCaig, B., & Pavcnik, N. (2015). Informal employment in a growing and globalizing low-income country. American Economic Review, 105(5), 545–550.

Murniati, A. N. P. (2004). Getar Gender: Perempuan Indonesia dalam Perspektif Agama, Budaya, dan Keluarga. Buku Kedua. Indonesiatera.

Nabawi, H. (2020). Pengaruh Jumlah Penduduk, Tingkat Pendidikan dan PDRB terhadap Kemiskinan di Kota Malang. OECONOMICUS Journal of Economics, 4(2), 104–117. https://doi.org/10.15642/-oje.2020.4.2.104-117

Park, H. A. (2013). An introduction to logistic regression: From basic concepts to interpretation with particular attention to nursing domain. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 43(2), 154–164. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2013.43.2.154

Pospos, A. F. F. (2017). Fenomena Pengemis Di Kota Langsa (Kajian Terhadap Faktor-Faktor Yang Menyebabkan Seseorang Menjadi Pengemis). IAIN Langsa, 2(2), 97–112.

Ramlafatma. (2021). Kehidupan Sosial Ekonomi Pemulung Di Tempat Pembuangan Akhir ( TPA ) Raberas Kelurahan Seketeng Kecamatan Sumbawa Kabupaten Sumbawa Ramlafatma. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Pendidikan (JISIP), 5(4), 1609–1614. https://doi.org/10.36312¬/ji¬sip¬.¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬-v5i4.2618/http

Rochhaningrum, E. (2017). Pengaruh Upah, Umur, Status Perkawinan dan Jumlah Tanggungan terhadap Keputusan Tenaga Kerja Lulusan Perguruan Tinggi (Sarjana) untuk Bekerja atau Tidak Bekerja : Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Pedurungan Kota Semarang. 1–67.

Santoso, F. P. (2017). Pelaksanaan Program “Desaku Menanti” dalam Penangan Gelandangan-Pengemis (Gepeng) di Kota Malang.

Setiawan, H. (2020). Fenomena Gelandangan Pengemis Sebagai Dampak Disparitas Pembangunan Kawasan Urban dan Rural di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Moderat: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan, 6(2), 361–375. https://jurnal.unigal.ac.id/index.-php/moderat/article/view/3218

Setyanti, A. M. (2020). Informality and the education factor in Indonesian labor. Journal of Indonesian Applied Economics, 8(2), 71–80.

Sharma, M. K., & Thorsteinsson, E. B. (2018). Begging in India: A Review of Literature and Research Implications. Frontiers in Psychology.

Shimer, R. (2006). On-the-job search and strategic bargaining. European Economic Review, 50(4), 811–830. https://doi.org/-10.1016/j.euroecorev.2006.01.008

Susdarwono, E. T. (1970). Interaksi Wisata Syariah dan Pembangunan Ekonomi di Kota Pusarnya Pulau Jawa dalam Bentuk Ekonomi Komersial Ganda. EDUTOUR¬ISM Journal Of Tourism Research, 2(02), 49–60. https://doi.org/10.53050/¬ejtr.¬v2i¬02.¬138

Susilo, Pratomo, D. S., Setyanti, A. M., Prestianawati, S. A., & Wicesa, N. A. (2020). Who Is The Most Intended To Formal Sector ? Individual-Level Determinants Of Formal Jobs Selection In.

Susilowati, D. (2017). Kebijakan Penanggulangan Anak Jalanan di Kota Malang. Seminar Nasional Dan Gelar Produk 17-18 Oktober, 246, 884–889.

Tri Wahyuni, Arief Agoestanto, E. P. (2018). Analisis Regresi Logistik terhadap Keputusan Penerimaan Beasiswa PPA di FMIPA Unnes Menggunakan Software Minitab. Prisma, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika, 1, 755–765.

Ulfia, U., & Rahmi, R. (2018). Analisis Kehidupan Sosial Ekonomi Pengemis dan Penanggulangannya di Kota Banda Aceh. Jurnal Humaniora : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial, Ekonomi Dan Hukum, 2(2), 130–139. https://doi.org/10.30601/humaniora.v2i2.60

Van Barneveld, K., Quinlan, M., Kriesler, P., Junor, A., Baum, F., Chowdhury, A., Junankar, P. N., Clibborn, S., Flanagan, F., & Wright, C. F. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons on building more equal and sustainable societies. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 31(2), 133–157.

Weyforth, W. O., & Nurkse, R. (1955). Problems of Capital Formation in Under¬developed Countries. In The Journal of Finance (Vol. 10, Issue 1, p. 91). https://¬doi.org/10.2307/2976080

Williams, C. (1990). Street Childern and Education “A comparasive study of europian and third world approach.” March.

Downloads

Published

2023-10-01

Issue

Section

Articles